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by Marchane, A., Tramblay, Y., Hanich, L., Ruelland, D. and Jarlan, L.
Abstract:
This study aimed to quantify possible climate change impacts on runoff for the Rheraya catchment (225 km2) located in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, south of Marrakech city. Two monthly water balance models, including a snow module, were considered to reproduce the monthly surface runoff for the period 1989‒2009. Additionally, an ensemble of five regional climate models from the Med-CORDEX initiative was considered to evaluate future changes in precipitation and temperature, according to the two emissions scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5. The future projections for the period 2049‒2065 under the two scenarios indicate higher temperatures (+1.4°C to +2.6°C) and a decrease in total precipitation (−22% to −31%). The hydrological projections under these climate scenarios indicate a significant decrease in surface runoff (−19% to −63%, depending on the scenario and hydrological model) mainly caused by a significant decline in snow amounts, related to reduced precipitation and increased temperature. Changes in potential evapotranspiration were not considered here, since its estimation over long periods remains a challenge in such data-sparse mountainous catchments. Further work is required to compare the results obtained with different downscaling methods and different hydrological model structures, to better reproduce the hydro-climatic behaviour of the catchment.
Reference:
Marchane, A., Tramblay, Y., Hanich, L., Ruelland, D. and Jarlan, L., 2017: Climate change impacts on surface water resources in the Rheraya catchment (High-Atlas, Morocco)Hydrological Sciences Journal, 62, 979-995.
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Marchane2017,
  author        = {Marchane, A. and Tramblay, Y. and Hanich, L. and Ruelland, D. and Jarlan, L.},
  title         = {Climate change impacts on surface water resources in the Rheraya catchment (High-Atlas, Morocco)},
  journal       = {Hydrological Sciences Journal},
  year          = {2017},
  volume        = {62},
  number        = {6},
  pages         = {979-995},
  abstract      = {This study aimed to quantify possible climate change impacts on runoff for the Rheraya catchment (225 km2) located in the High Atlas Mountains of Morocco, south of Marrakech city. Two monthly water balance models, including a snow module, were considered to reproduce the monthly surface runoff for the period 1989‒2009. Additionally, an ensemble of five regional climate models from the Med-CORDEX initiative was considered to evaluate future changes in precipitation and temperature, according to the two emissions scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5. The future projections for the period 2049‒2065 under the two scenarios indicate higher temperatures (+1.4°C to +2.6°C) and a decrease in total precipitation (−22% to −31%). The hydrological projections under these climate scenarios indicate a significant decrease in surface runoff (−19% to −63%, depending on the scenario and hydrological model) mainly caused by a significant decline in snow amounts, related to reduced precipitation and increased temperature. Changes in potential evapotranspiration were not considered here, since its estimation over long periods remains a challenge in such data-sparse mountainous catchments. Further work is required to compare the results obtained with different downscaling methods and different hydrological model structures, to better reproduce the hydro-climatic behaviour of the catchment.},
  copublication = {5: 2 Morocco, 3 Fr},
  doi           = {10.1080/02626667.2017.1283042},
  keywords      = {Water resources; Climate changes; Med-CORDEX; climate scenarios;},
  owner         = {hymexw},
  timestamp     = {2018-12-17},
  url           = {https://doi.org/10.1080/02626667.2017.1283042},
}