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Archive
by Lutoff, C., Creutin, J.-D., Ruin, I. and Borga, M.
Abstract:
Summary This paper aims at exploring the anticipation phase before a flash flood, corresponding to the time between the first climatic signs and the peak-flow. We focus the analysis on people’s behaviors observing how they use this period to organize themselves for facing the event. The analysis is made through the definition of three specific scales: the timeliness scale, an analytical scale of anticipatory actions and the scale of human response network. Using a cross-scale and cross level analysis enables to define different phases in the anticipation period where different kind of environmental precursors are mobilized by the actors in order to make sense of the situation and adapt. Three main points deserve attention at the end: firstly, the concepts of timeliness, anticipatory actions and crisis network scales enable to understand differently what happens both physically and socially during an extreme event; secondly, analyzing the precursors shows that each level of crisis network uses different kinds of signs for estimating the situation, organizing and reacting; thirdly, there is a potential for improvement in observation on both social and physical processes at different scales, for verifying the theory of the anticipatory phases.
Reference:
Lutoff, C., Creutin, J.-D., Ruin, I. and Borga, M., 2016: Anticipating flash-floods: Multi-scale aspects of the social responseJournal of Hydrology, 541, 626 - 635.
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Lutoff2016,
  Title                    = {Anticipating flash-floods: Multi-scale aspects of the social response},
  Author                   = {Lutoff, C. and Creutin, J.-D. and Ruin, I. and Borga, M.},
  Journal                  = {Journal of Hydrology},
  Year                     = {2016},
  Number                   = {Part A},
  Pages                    = {626 - 635},
  Volume                   = {541},

  Abstract                 = {Summary
This paper aims at exploring the anticipation phase before a flash flood, corresponding to the time between the first climatic signs and the peak-flow. We focus the analysis on people’s behaviors observing how they use this period to organize themselves for facing the event. The analysis is made through the definition of three specific scales: the timeliness scale, an analytical scale of anticipatory actions and the scale of human response network. Using a cross-scale and cross level analysis enables to define different phases in the anticipation period where different kind of environmental precursors are mobilized by the actors in order to make sense of the situation and adapt. Three main points deserve attention at the end: firstly, the concepts of timeliness, anticipatory actions and crisis network scales enable to understand differently what happens both physically and socially during an extreme event; secondly, analyzing the precursors shows that each level of crisis network uses different kinds of signs for estimating the situation, organizing and reacting; thirdly, there is a potential for improvement in observation on both social and physical processes at different scales, for verifying the theory of the anticipatory phases.},
  Copublication            = {4: 3 Fr, 1 It},
  Doi                      = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.01.005},
  ISSN                     = {0022-1694},
  Keywords                 = {Anticipation; Flash flood; Scales; Anticipatory actions; Timeliness; Crisis network;},
  Owner                    = {hymexw},
  Timestamp                = {2018.08.28},
  Url                      = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169416000184}
}