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Archive
by Kreibich, Heidi, Di Baldassarre, Giuliano, Vorogushyn, Sergiy, Aerts, Jeroen C. J. H., Apel, Heiko, Aronica, Giuseppe T., Arnbjerg-Nielsen, Karsten, Bouwer, Laurens M., Bubeck, Philip, Caloiero, Tommaso, Chinh, Do T., Cortès, Maria, Gain, Animesh K., Giampá, Vincenzo, Kuhlicke, Christian, Kundzewicz, Zbigniew W., Llasat, Maria Carmen, Mård, Johanna, Matczak, Piotr, Mazzoleni, Maurizio, Molinari, Daniela, Dung, Nguyen V., Petrucci, Olga, Schröter, Kai, Slager, Kymo, Thieken, Annegret H., Ward, Philip J. and Merz, Bruno
Abstract:
As flood impacts are increasing in large parts of the world, understanding the primary drivers of changes in risk is essential for effective adaptation. To gain more knowledge on the basis of empirical case studies, we analyze eight paired floods, that is, consecutive flood events that occurred in the same region, with the second flood causing significantly lower damage. These success stories of risk reduction were selected across different socioeconomic and hydro-climatic contexts. The potential of societies to adapt is uncovered by describing triggered societal changes, as well as formal measures and spontaneous processes that reduced flood risk. This novel approach has the potential to build the basis for an international data collection and analysis effort to better understand and attribute changes in risk due to hydrological extremes in the framework of the IAHSs Panta Rhei initiative. Across all case studies, we find that lower damage caused by the second event was mainly due to significant reductions in vulnerability, for example, via raised risk awareness, preparedness, and improvements of organizational emergency management. Thus, vulnerability reduction plays an essential role for successful adaptation. Our work shows that there is a high potential to adapt, but there remains the challenge to stimulate measures that reduce vulnerability and risk in periods in which extreme events do not occur.
Reference:
Kreibich, Heidi, Di Baldassarre, Giuliano, Vorogushyn, Sergiy, Aerts, Jeroen C. J. H., Apel, Heiko, Aronica, Giuseppe T., Arnbjerg-Nielsen, Karsten, Bouwer, Laurens M., Bubeck, Philip, Caloiero, Tommaso, Chinh, Do T., Cortès, Maria, Gain, Animesh K., Giampá, Vincenzo, Kuhlicke, Christian, Kundzewicz, Zbigniew W., Llasat, Maria Carmen, Mård, Johanna, Matczak, Piotr, Mazzoleni, Maurizio, Molinari, Daniela, Dung, Nguyen V., Petrucci, Olga, Schröter, Kai, Slager, Kymo, Thieken, Annegret H., Ward, Philip J. and Merz, Bruno, 2017: Adaptation to flood risk: Results of international paired flood event studiesEarth's Future, 5, 953-965.
Bibtex Entry:
@Article{Kreibich2017,
  Title                    = {Adaptation to flood risk: Results of international paired flood event studies},
  Author                   = {Kreibich, Heidi and Di Baldassarre, Giuliano and Vorogushyn, Sergiy and Aerts, Jeroen C. J. H. and Apel, Heiko and Aronica, Giuseppe T. and Arnbjerg-Nielsen, Karsten and Bouwer, Laurens M. and Bubeck, Philip and Caloiero, Tommaso and Chinh, Do T. and Cortès, Maria and Gain, Animesh K. and Giampá, Vincenzo and Kuhlicke, Christian and Kundzewicz, Zbigniew W. and Llasat, Maria Carmen and Mård, Johanna and Matczak, Piotr and Mazzoleni, Maurizio and Molinari, Daniela and Dung, Nguyen V. and Petrucci, Olga and Schröter, Kai and Slager, Kymo and Thieken, Annegret H. and Ward, Philip J. and Merz, Bruno},
  Journal                  = {Earth's Future},
  Year                     = {2017},

  Month                    = {October},
  Number                   = {10},
  Pages                    = {953-965},
  Volume                   = {5},

  Abstract                 = {As flood impacts are increasing in large parts of the world, understanding the primary drivers of changes in risk is essential for effective adaptation. To gain more knowledge on the basis of empirical case studies, we analyze eight paired floods, that is, consecutive flood events that occurred in the same region, with the second flood causing significantly lower damage. These success stories of risk reduction were selected across different socioeconomic and hydro-climatic contexts. The potential of societies to adapt is uncovered by describing triggered societal changes, as well as formal measures and spontaneous processes that reduced flood risk. This novel approach has the potential to build the basis for an international data collection and analysis effort to better understand and attribute changes in risk due to hydrological extremes in the framework of the IAHSs Panta Rhei initiative. Across all case studies, we find that lower damage caused by the second event was mainly due to significant reductions in vulnerability, for example, via raised risk awareness, preparedness, and improvements of organizational emergency management. Thus, vulnerability reduction plays an essential role for successful adaptation. Our work shows that there is a high potential to adapt, but there remains the challenge to stimulate measures that reduce vulnerability and risk in periods in which extreme events do not occur.},
  Copublication            = {28: 11 De, 2 Sweden, 5 Nl, 5 It, 1 Denmark, 2 Es, 2 Poland},
  Doi                      = {10.1002/2017EF000606},
  Eprint                   = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/2017EF000606},
  Keywords                 = {flooding; vulnerability; global environmental change; adaptation;},
  Owner                    = {hymexw},
  Timestamp                = {2018.08.28},
  Url                      = {https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/2017EF000606}
}